Hurtado om Megiddo-mosaikken

05/03/2018

Professor Larry Hurtado skriv at det er fagleg debatt om dateringa av mosaikken som er funnen i Megiddo. Godt at dei sensasjonsprega avisoppslaga får litt fagleg motstand!

Den israelske arkeologen som har hatt ansvar for funnet, meiner mosaikken kan vera frå ca år 230, ei oppsiktsvekkjande tidleg datering med tanke på det tydelege kristne innhaldet. Hurtado peiker på at andre fagfolk meiner mosaikken er vesentleg yngre. Her er eit utdrag frå bloggen hans:

The Megiddo Mosaics . . . Again?
The archaeologist in charge of the dig, Dr Yotam Tepper of the University of Haifa, has continued to insist that the mosaics are early 3rd century CE, which would make them among the earliest Christian epigraphy, and would make the room/church in which the mosaics were placed the earliest Christian structure known. (The Dura Europos church is dated sometime before 256 CE, when the city was sacked.)

But the date of the mosaics is contested, with others placing them anytime from the late 3rd through the 5th century CE. To my knowledge, we still don’t have the full archaeological analysis of the dig, for which numismatic evidence would be crucial for dating. So, it’s a bit surprising that the authorities have chosen to put the mosaics on show, and flog all the news coverage about them. And it’s disappointing that the news stories (which, apparently, are based on news feed from the exhibitors) make no mention of the scholarly debate about the date of the items.

Les meir

Relaterte notat: Megiddo-mosaikken skal bli tilgjengeleg (2018), Kyrkjefunnet ved Megiddo (2009) og Fangar fann gamal kyrkje (2005).

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Megiddo-mosaikken skal bli tilgjengeleg

04/03/2018
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Foto: Dr. Yotam Tepper

Megiddo-fengselet i Galilea skal avviklast. Dette opnar for at staden kan bli gjort om til ein arkeologisk park. Her er det funne ein stor golvmosaikk som skal vera frå ca år 230, med tekst som omtalar Jesus som Gud.

Det var avisa Haaretz som denne veka kom med nyheita om at Megiddo-mosaikken skal bli gjort tilgjengeleg. Eg ser fram til å kunna reisa innom denne staden!

Funnet av mosaikken er svært interessant sett frå kristent perspektiv. Kanskje dreier det seg om eit tidleg kristent kyrkjebygg. Kanskje dreier det seg heller om ei såkalla huskyrkje, eit rom for kristen tilbeding i eit privathus. Og ikkje nok med det; funnet skal i følgje skribenten også visa at romerske soldatar eller offiserar her kanskje kan ha vore opne kristne allereie på 200-talet.

A Jew, an Early Christian and a Roman Meet in Archaeological Park to Be Built on Evacuated Prison

‘God Jesus Christ’ mosaic, ancient Jewish-Samaritan village of Othnay and Roman command center in Galilee park replacing Megiddo Prison; inmates to move to huge new facility

A prison built by the British on an archaeological site in northern Israel in the 1940s is finally going to be evacuated. The walls and barbed wire of Megiddo Prison will be replaced with an archaeological park featuring one of the earliest-known houses of Christian worship, which was found in the ancient Jewish village of Kefar Othnay (a.k.a. Kfar Otnai), as well as the remains of a vast Roman army base across the Qeni river, Megiddo Regional Council announced this week.

(…)

The salvage excavation, following earlier surveys and conducted from 2003 by Tepper (then affiliated with Tel Aviv University) and the Israel Antiquities Authority – identified ruins in the prison grounds as the Jewish and Samaritan village of Othnay, mentioned in Jewish sources as existing from the first to the fourth centuries, and a large structure that seems to have been a pre-church house of Christian worship, as well as unexpected clues about the complicated nature of early Christianity. Such as, maybe the Roman army wasn’t entirely negative about the upstart religion after all.

(…)

Dated to the year 230, very early in the Christian era, the mosaic bears three inscriptions in ancient Greek – one explicitly calling Jesus a deity.

The god-loving Akeptous has offered the table to God Jesus Christ as a memorial,” the writing says, in black tesserae letters 7.5 to 9 centimeters in height. Akeptous is believed to be the name of a woman who paid for a communion table that probably served for the Eucharist ceremony.

Les meir

Eg har tidlegare skrive om funnet, men ikkje hatt håp om at det skulle bli gjort tilgjengeleg. Sjå notatet Kyrkjefunnet ved Megiddo frå 2009, med lenker til tidlegare notat.

Oppdatert 04.03.2018


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