Professor Larry Hurtado skriv at det er fagleg debatt om dateringa av mosaikken som er funnen i Megiddo. Godt at dei sensasjonsprega avisoppslaga får litt fagleg motstand!
Den israelske arkeologen som har hatt ansvar for funnet, meiner mosaikken kan vera frå ca år 230, ei oppsiktsvekkjande tidleg datering med tanke på det tydelege kristne innhaldet. Hurtado peiker på at andre fagfolk meiner mosaikken er vesentleg yngre. Her er eit utdrag frå bloggen hans:
The Megiddo Mosaics . . . Again?
The archaeologist in charge of the dig, Dr Yotam Tepper of the University of Haifa, has continued to insist that the mosaics are early 3rd century CE, which would make them among the earliest Christian epigraphy, and would make the room/church in which the mosaics were placed the earliest Christian structure known. (The Dura Europos church is dated sometime before 256 CE, when the city was sacked.)
But the date of the mosaics is contested, with others placing them anytime from the late 3rd through the 5th century CE. To my knowledge, we still don’t have the full archaeological analysis of the dig, for which numismatic evidence would be crucial for dating. So, it’s a bit surprising that the authorities have chosen to put the mosaics on show, and flog all the news coverage about them. And it’s disappointing that the news stories (which, apparently, are based on news feed from the exhibitors) make no mention of the scholarly debate about the date of the items.