«Jerusalem» skrive i stein

I dag blei eit interessant arkeologisk funn presentert i Jerusalem. Det dreier seg om ein stein frå ca Jesu tid med inskripsjonen «Jerusalem». Steinen blei funnen sist vinter og har sidan vore til grundig fagleg vurdering.

Her er utdrag frå pressemeldinga (som også har med bilde av inskripsjonen):

Second Temple Period stone inscription noting the full spelling of Jerusalem found
The unique stone inscription, found this last winter, dates to the Second Temple Period (first century CE) and mentions Jerusalem for the first time using the Hebrew spelling as we know it today.

(…)

The most important discovery was a stone column drum, reused in the Roman structure, upon which the Aramaic inscription appears, written in Hebrew letters typical of the Second Temple Period, around the time of Herod the Great’s reign. The inscription reads: Hananiah son of Dodalos of Jerusalem

(…)

Dr. Yuval Baruch, Jerusalem Regional Archaeologist of the Israel Antiquities Authority, and Prof. Ronny Reich of Haifa University, who read and studied the inscription, note that «First and Second Temple period inscriptions mentioning Jerusalem are quite rare. But even more unique is the complete spelling of the name as we know it today, which usually appears in the shorthand version. This is the only stone inscription of the Second Temple period known where the full spelling appears. This spelling is only known in one other instance, on a coin of the Great Revolt against the Romans (66-70 CE). The unusual spelling is also attested to in the Bible, where Jerusalem appears 660 times, with only 5 mentions – of a relatively late date – having the full spelling (Jeremiah 26:18, Esther 2:6, 2 Chronicles 25:1, 2 Chronicles 32: 9, and 2 Chronicles 25: 1).»

Les meir

Tidfestinga er underleg nok litt uklar til å vera ei kunngjering på dette nivået. I ingressen nyttar ein først uttrykket Second Temple Period og definerer det i dette tilfellet til det første hundreåret (altså før tempelet fall i år 70). Seinare i artikkelen står det, truleg litt meir upresist, om Herodes den stores regjeringstid. Herodes regjerte i åra 37-4 f. Kr. På denne bakgrunnen vel eg i innleiinga av notatet her å seia at steinen er «frå ca Jesu tid».

Det blei også presentert eit par andre arkeologiske funn, blant anna ein gresk tekst frå 500-talet. Dette var i bysantinsk tid i Jerusalem, dvs den 300-årige kristne perioden av byens historie.

Beside the unique inscription, two additional finds will be on display at the Israel Museum, beginning tomorrow. The first is a Greek mosaic inscription of the 6th Century CE, exposed near Damascus Gate, commemorating the construction of a public building in Jerusalem in the Byzantine period – likely a hostel – by the emperor Justinian and an abbot by the name of Constantine. Both are mentioned together in another inscription commemorating the construction of the grand Nea Church, exposed in the Jewish Quarter excavations in the 1970’s, already displayed in the Israel Museum. Both attest to the development of the city some 1,500 years ago by the empire, as part of the mass pilgrimage of Christians to the Holy Land in this period.

(via PaleoJudaica)

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