Det er relativt sikkert at Jesu morsmål var arameisk. Men kunne han også hebraisk? Og kjente han til gresk? Det blei denne veka ein liten disputt mellom paven og Netanyahu om Jesu morsmål.
Eg fann fram til notisen om dette via PaleoJudaica, som har følgjande kommentar til saka: What language(s) did Jesus speak?
Pope, Netanyahu spar over Jesus» native language
Mon, May 26 2014
JERUSALEM (Reuters) – Pope Francis and Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu traded words on Monday over the language spoken by Jesus two millennia ago.
«Jesus was here, in this land. He spoke Hebrew,» Netanyahu told Francis, at a public meeting in Jerusalem in which the Israeli leader cited a strong connection between Judaism and Christianity.
«Aramaic,» the pope interjected.
«He spoke Aramaic, but he knew Hebrew,» Netanyahu shot back.
Like many things in the Middle East, where the pope is on the last leg of a three-day visit, modern-day discourse about Jesus is complicated and often political.
A Jew, Jesus was born in Bethlehem in the Roman-ruled region of Judea, now the Israeli-occupied West Bank. He grew up in Nazareth and ministered in Galilee, both in northern Israel, and died in Jerusalem, a city revered by Jews, Christians and Muslims, and to which Israelis and Palestinians lay claim.
Palestinians sometimes describe Jesus as a Palestinian. Israelis object to that.
Israeli linguistics professor Ghil’ad Zuckermann told Reuters that both Netanyahu, son of a distinguished Jewish historian, and the pope, the spiritual leader of the world’s 1.2 billion Catholics, had a point.
«Jesus was a native Aramaic speaker,» he said about the largely defunct Semitic language closely related to Hebrew. «But he would have also known Hebrew because there were extant religious writings in Hebrew.»
Zuckermann said that during Jesus» time, Hebrew was spoken by the lower classes – «the kind of people he ministered to».
- Kunne Jesus lesa og skriva? (04.11.2011)
- Arameisk i bruk i dag (07.09.2007)
- Jesu morsmål (12.02.2006)
Dette har ført til mykje meir stoff om temaet på nettet. F eks BBC sitt oppslag: Who, What, Why: What language would Jesus have spoken? Og PaleoJudaica følgjer opp med viktige kommentarar her.
Og her er ein artikkel som argumenterer for at Jesus snakka HEBRAISK: Why Jesus really was a Hebrew speaker (Haaretz i dag 07.06.2014).
Her er meir stoff å henta:
- Seth Sanders: Jesus´ Language More Complicated Than Experts Claim
- Randall Buth: More on Why Jesus was a Hebrew speaker